Attack on constantinople by the fourth crusade history essay

Pope Innocent was furious and threatened the Crusaders with excommunication, but the Venetians insisted: This, his envoys assured the Crusaders, would be easy since the people resented the incumbent ruler of Byzantium, Emperor Alexius III, and would welcome the young man with open arms.

The Crusaders took it because the leader was away fighting. They were wildly optimistic in their calculations and unwittingly imposed a destructive and crippling straitjacket on the expedition.

The majority of the crusading army that set out from Venice in early October originated from areas within France. In Aprilthe Crusaders agreed to return to Venice the following year with 33, men and eighty-five thousand marks — an enormous commitment — in return for passage and provisioning of a fleet.

In the eyes of all Greeks who knew of this decision, it was a shocking sign of desperation and weak leadership, which deserved to be punished by God. If Prince Alexius fulfilled his promise, this development would represent a huge increase in authority for the Catholic Church.

The wind began to blow from the north, and this finally pushed their ships right up to the walls of Constantinople. The people of the West were horrified; the pope was said to have died of a heart attack, and his successor launched the Third Crusade.

In Januarythe blinded and incapacitated Isaac II died, probably of natural causes. Anxious to shore up his position, Alexios bankrupted the treasury.

In any case, the emperor had lost the will to fight. At that point the young emperor ordered the destruction and melting of valuable Byzantine and Roman icons in order to extract their gold and silver. A crew of about one hundred men joined six hundred passengers for a journey to the East that lasted six to eight weeks.

Emperor Alexius III proved an astute, capable political operator. The leadership of the Crusader army faced a dilemma. Incredibly, the armored Aleaumes survived, rose to his feet, and warded them off.

Finally, the long, slim Venetian battle galleys formed the principal fighting force in the fleet. One of the Crusade leaders certainly believed this: The First Crusade began in 7th century. It was said that the total amount looted from Constantinople was aboutsilver marks, ortroy pounds.

He immediately moved to have the city fortifications strengthened and summoned additional forces to the city. The priests moved through the army, taking the confessions of all the men and praying for victory.

Robert had a particular interest in this incident because the man who chose to go through the gap first was his brother, Aleaumes. Instead, it was the next strata of society, the senior nobility, who took up the cross and prepared to journey to Jerusalem.

These vessels, powered by one hundred oarsmen and carrying a metal-tipped ram just above the waterline, protected the fleet from hostile ships.

He was then taken prisoner, to get him back the French had to pay a large amount of gold and give back Damietta.

Fourth Crusade

The Crusading movement thus resulted, ultimately, in the victory of Islam, a result which was of course the exact opposite of its original intention. The Crusaders elected Count Baldwin of Flanders as the first Latin Emperor of Constantinople and divided the Byzantine lands amongst themselves and their Venetian allies.

It was said that the total amount looted from Constantinople was aboutsilver marks. Romanus Gate, vastly outnumbering the crusaders. The central stage for these young knights to display their prowess was the tournament field, and afterward great feasts would be held where the audience listened to tales of the deeds of heroes of days past such as the men of the First Crusade or the mythical quest for the Holy Grail.

Before we explore the reasons behind this victory, it is crucial to explain why the Fourth Crusade arrived at Constantinople. The Crusaders captured the Blachernae section of the city in the northwest and used it as a base to attack the rest of the city, but while attempting to defend themselves with a wall of fire they ended up burning down even more of the city.

There were nine crusades. The Crusade begins[ edit ] Pope Innocent III succeeded to the papacy in Januaryand the preaching of a new crusade became the prime goal of his pontificate, expounded in his bull Post miserabile.

A furthersilver marks were divided evenly between the Crusaders and Venetians.The fourth Crusade was one of the most astonishing turn of events during the Middle Ages.

Each Crusade was called for one purpose, to reconquer the Holy Land from the Muslims. With that in mind, the fourth Crusade was disaster, not only failing to get anywhere near Jerusalem but then to attack and conquer two Christian cities, which had been.

The Fourth Crusade should be an example that it is crude and unjust to attack fellow men for no reason. The Crusades were a series of battles and short wars against the Muslims. In the eleventh century Jerusalem had been taken over by the Turks.

Innocent III's Papal Influence over the Fourth Crusade Essay Influence over the The Fourth Crusade should be an example that it is crude and unjust to attack fellow men for no reason.

Dandolo wanted to attack Constantinople. The leader of the Read More. Words 4 Pages. Crusades Essay. Related Documents: Fourth Crusade Essay The Crusades Essay Honors World History The Crusades: A Holy War The Crusades were a set of wars that happened between and A.D.

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Published: Mon, 5 Dec Throughout the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church had high interests in the religious areas dominating the Holy Land. The Crusades set out to “take back” this region for religious and economic control. 6/12/ • MHQ In Aprilthe armies of the Fourth Crusade broke into the city of Constantinople and began to loot, pillage, and slaughter their way across the greatest metropolis in the Christian world.

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Attack on constantinople by the fourth crusade history essay
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